Guys, guys, don’t fight. I’m sure we’ll be able to come up with something roughly equal.

source

eulernt.pwni.ng:5555

NOTE: We originally uploaded the wrong version. It is still available here if you really want it: wrong version.

How to solve

We need to get a divisor of 333! that is close to (333!)^{1/2}.

Just factorize with factorDB. There are some p^ks of which k is odd. Let’s define a product of those ps as v := \prod p.

So, we can easily get (333! / v) ^ {1/2}. The next step is to calculate a value which is similar to v ^ {1/2}.

Let’s just guess we can make the value with primes {2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23}. Then try all possible values nearby v ^ {1/2}. If you can get from this set, just add more primes.

import gmpy2

primes = [3, 5, 7, 19, 29, 37, 43, 47,
          59, 61, 89, 97, 101, 103, 107,
          109, 167, 173, 179, 181, 191,
          193, 197, 199, 211, 223, 227,
          229, 233, 239, 241, 251, 257,
          263, 269, 271, 277, 281, 283,
          293, 307, 311, 313, 317, 331]

v = 1
for p in primes:
    v *= p

N = 1
for i in range(2, 333):
    N *= i

Nv_root = gmpy2.isqrt(N // v)
v_root = gmpy2.isqrt(v)

# Rough upper limit
lim = v_root + v_root // 10000
primes = [3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23]

def backtrack(idx, val):
    if idx == len(primes):
        lg = int(math.log(v_root, 2) - math.log(val, 2))
        final = val * (2 ** lg) * Nv_root
        fstr = str(final)
        if len(fstr) == 349 and fstr[:8] == '32147263':
            print(final)
        final *= 2
        fstr = str(final)
        if len(fstr) == 349 and fstr[:8] == '32147263':
            print(final)
        return

    while True:
        val *= primes[idx]
        if val > lim:
            return
        backtrack(idx + 1, val)

backtrack(0, 1)

From this, I was able to get a value:

3214726365718308699390009351051926320347863432801378170603206865184662872923685805900796110576640315841185356341136473888821110903341917546848786593096487214784202625564775154918631601168022399388653631105727651790627380050049166043926298612848761901579219048962836676642657563673663196096066312251333672960000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

The flag is PCTF{R3fr3sh1ngly_Sm00th}.